An Open Letter to English Canada

Dear English Canada,

I’m someone who lives in Quebec. More precisely, I now live on the West Island of Montreal. I’ll let that be my disclaimer.  I moved to Montreal in 1999 not so long after the last referendum on Quebec sovereignty. From time to time when I return to Ontario or when I speak to family and friends on the telephone, I am sometimes startled by the prominence “separation” has in their perception of what is going on in Quebec. These days the term is sovereignty and yes, it has gained a little extra momentum in the press of late. But I’m wondering if maybe that extra momentum is actually taking place outside Quebec because I don’t carry any of the panic that my non-Quebec friends and family assume I do.

There are things I’m panicked about in this election but a referendum on sovereignty is not one of them.

From where I stand over here in Yuppie Anglo-ville (a misnomer that I’ll skip over here!), it seems a very real possibility that the Parti Québécois could win the election on April 7. It’s highly possible that this could take the shape of a majority government. After all, generations of gerrymandering make it possible that with only 37% or 38% of the popular vote, the PQs could win a majority. Today the polls seem to peg the PQs at right about that number, even with the arrival of Quebec Business Lord PKP (Pierre-Karl Peladeau). This will be an election of distribution patterns rather than straight up popularity. 

Here’s something else the polls tell us: those committed to voting in favour of Quebec sovereignty on any potential referendum in the near future are lagging in the low 40% range – maybe lower. So while you can manipulate election results by strategic mapping of riding districts, a one-to-one referendum vote is much harder to skew. A PQ majority government does not mean a successful referendum on Quebec sovereignty. They are mutually exclusive though sometimes these lines get blurred – by political parties, by the media, by lack of understanding.

One of the things I am panicked about is the Charter of Values (no longer the real name of the Charter but what we all actually still call it!) and Quebec’s obsession with secularism. I am appalled by the ease with which we judge our ideas, cultures, and beliefs superior. Ici au Quebec…this is how the debate always begins. And then it goes like this….Here in Quebec we want to be secular. And we want everyone as individuals to be secular in their interactions with the state. Therefore, anyone who works for the state must appear secular. What this means is that anyone who works for the state must dress and look like “us”, Quebeckers. It puts our secularism at risk (our belief in the equality of men and women included) to be prosecuted in court by a lawyer wearing a hijab. It puts our secularism at risk to be treated by a doctor wearing a turban. It puts our secularism at risk in the most dangerous ways when our children are taught by a teacher wearing a kippa. Because ici au Quebec, “we” do not support those personal expressions of religion, “we” do not look that way, and “we” do not accept that as part of our society.

That’s what panics me. It panics me to realize that not one of the four major parties stands solidly against the Charter.  While it’s certainly the brainchild of the PQ, the Coalition Avenir Québec, the Parti Libéral du Québec, and the exciting new leftist Québec Solidaire all endorse slightly watered down versions of the same xenophobia. What panics me is that I feel left without a choice and therefore without a voice.

So while English Canada may be holding their breath on the referendum question, from the inside, I’m scared to death of raising my kids in a world where we judge you by the material on your head.


An Ex-Pat

P.S. I’m learning to look for silver linings. Daniel Weinstock presented me with one last week. You should read this if you are interested in what Quebec is going to look like in five years but if you don’t have the time I’ll give away the ending –  He argues that the Charter and courting candidates like union-breaker PKP move the Parti Québécois both away from its roots à la René Lévesque and away from the growing immigrant population resulting in a splintered party and an all but dead sovereigntist movement.


Cocoa and Harvest Crunch

Today was a brisk, sunny, perfectly Canadian winter day.  Jack and I spent some time this afternoon on a local skating rink – he played hockey without rest and I mostly watched. For a while, though, I got to hang out with a spit-fire of a five year old girl – a family friend who humoured me with a few laps around the rink together. As we skated she talked about what it’s like to learn how to skate – the whole practicing on your own vs. formal skating lessons. Skating by herself, she informed me, was the best way to get better.

As I skated and then passed a puck with this plucky girl, I had a flash back to a moment in my life when I was exactly her age, carefully making the transition to being upright on skates more often than being cold-bummed on the ground fighting to get back up.  My own memory of the story is only fragmented – I remember the feelings attached to the moment much more than I remember what it looked like.  But the story has been told in my presence enough times by other family members that I can pretty well piece it together.

The Story of the Skating Lesson Final Exam

I was four, maybe five years old.  On the non-Kindergarten days, when my siblings were at school, I was enrolled in skating lessons.  The classes were either private or semi-private because I don’t remember there being many other kids in my group. I’m not sure I was ever really crazy about the whole idea of skating lessons.  Like the girl I skated with today, I preferred skating with my family on the Bay of Quinte or, better yet, along the Rideau Canal on our family trips to Ottawa. But those were the days of few choices and my desire to please undoubtedly made the whole experience relatively effective in improving my personal skating. At least I hope it did.  Considering how it all came to an end.

figure skate

What must have been the last or second last class came and with it the testing for level advancement. I remember that there was an actual skating test where I was asked to weave in between pylons and skate backwards and bend to pick up balls on the ice.  Upon completion of the practical portion of the testing, I was taken into the locker room to complete the written portion. Yes, I was in Kindergarten. Shockingly, that portion didn’t go so well. I couldn’t properly identify the various parts of the skate – or at least I didn’t yet have the ability to write the words on the dittoed lines pointing to the hand-drawn skate parts. I remember feeling helpless. I remember not understanding the paper. I remember not understanding what was being asked of me. Not sure where the lines were pointing exactly. I don’t remember if I actually knew the parts of the skate or not. That does seem rather irrelevant after the fact.  My teacher, on the other hand, was certain that I was just being belligerent. And so, by force, she kept me in that locker room, insisting that I complete the test, leaving my pleas for my mom unanswered.

And somewhere in the middle of this all, the pleaser inside me lost the battle and was overpowered by my anger-ball self.  My mom recounts that from the other side of the rink, sitting in the plastic chairs of Memorial Arena, she heard my shrieks. She jumped out of her seat, hurdled the boards and slid her way across the ice to the door leading to the locker room where I stood mid-tantrum. She entered the room just in time to see me kick the teacher, with all my might, in the shin. I was still wearing my figure skates.

Needless to say, that was the last skating lesson I ever took. I remember the hangover from that anger-ball incident. I remember feeling certain that I would be scolded and punished at home. I remember dreading the apology I would undoubtedly be asked to give. And I remember feeling so justified in my action – so sure that I had been wronged and so apprehensive about trying to explain that to my parents. I didn’t have words for those kinds of things yet.

But I didn’t need the words. There was no scolding. No punishment. No forced apology. We went home and I was given a cup of warm cocoa and a bowl of Harvest Crunch – the highest treats in our snack world. And later that night, when I heard my mom telling the story to my dad, I remember realizing that she knew the truth, even without me having to explain it. She knew I had been treated unfairly. She saw the teacher holding me down and shouting at me to stop being a brat. She understood that my shrieks were the only voice I had left in that place.

My sister Meredith has referred to this part of me as my “shin-kicking determination” for this was not the last of my shin-kicking episodes though it was certainly the most forgivable of them.  I don’t know what happened to that teacher. I don’t know if my parents ever discussed it beyond that night. But I do know, that in a moment when I only felt things I couldn’t yet understand or process, my mom knew.

Cocoa and Harvest Crunch.

Je me souviens

“I don’t know what you mean when you say ‘the whole world’ or ‘generations before him.’I thought there was only us. I thought there was only now.” 

- Lois Lowry, The Giver

For a little more than three weeks I’ve been back in the classroom teaching.  After a year of shaping my own schedule and indulging myself in my own research, the transition back to the classroom has required some adjustment. But I love teaching. I love connecting with students and learning from them as they learn from me.  I gather such encouragement from their enthusiasm and their committed struggle through new concepts. I am happy in the classroom. And I am grateful that I’m allowed to call this my profession and that they actually pay me for it.

But as my sleepless patches of night increase, I’ve noticed a deepening sadness about this teaching. For sure it is in part the selection process – in my job I’m given endless freedom to choose my own content. Maybe a better balance is needed – more stories of courage and cooperation and hope. Because more than shock them with stories of the past, I want my students to understand the context, the relationships between people and space and time, and the overlapping of motivations and desperations and apathies. Maybe I need to do a better job finding the stories that inspire both my students and me. I think it might be more than that though.

These weeks I feel heavy with memory. I feel heavy with the responsibility of memory.

In the past three weeks I have relayed the plight of the Boers (Afrikaaners) during the South African War (known by most South Africans as the Anglo-Boer war). Though public memory associates concentration camps with the Nazis, the concentration camp was tested in Cuba and the Philippines, and it was in South Africa that they were first used en masse, by Great Britain. British leadership tried to break the morale of the Boers (who had resorted to spectacularly effective guerrilla warfare) by burning households to the ground and rounding up all the women and children. Through an intentional plan of systematic starvation 25,000 Boer children were starved to death in these camps. That was nearly 50% of all Boer children.

In mid-lecture last week, a student raised her hand to ask where the Armenian genocide fit into the story of the First World War. And like that, my lecture plans went out the window. We spent the rest of the class discussing both the genocide itself and the huge (often state-led) attempts to keep it out of history. Two-thirds of the students in the class had never heard of the Armenian genocide.

I’ve also told the story of the rise of far right groups like the Ku Klux Klan. I’ve shown actual video footage of 40,000 white-sheet-clad Americans marching down Pennsylvania Avenue in the shadow of Capitol Hill, asserting their rights as the true defenders of a Pure America. I’ve asked students to sift through the testimonies of women who chose to join the Klanswomen of America because they believed so strongly in their role as mothers of that pure, white America. And in silence, we’ve looked at the strangely proud photographic evidence of lynchings – men and women terrified, tortured, humiliated and killed because of the colour of their skin or because they chose not to discriminate across racial lines.

That is not all that I’ve taught in the past three weeks. I also told the story of Emily Hobhouse. This woman, who could not vote, who was not welcome into most professions because of her sex, courageously entered the British concentration camps of Transvaal and the Cape Colony with a camera. She served as a witness to the horror, she carried the memory and then acted in direct resistance. Hobhouse returned to London where she confronted the British Parliament with the evidence, holding her position until they moved to act on her demand for a full enquiry. That enquiry, executed exclusively by women, enumerates with horrifying exactness, the living conditions of the camp – the food rations, the treatment of runaways, the health of the prisoners, the deaths of the children. She created a public memory. She forced a light on places others tried desperately hard to shroud in shadow.

And we’ve talked about Highlander Folk School – a social justice school, created and founded in Tennessee at the height of the Depression. Initially intending to train labour activists, the school later became the central training centre for Civil Rights leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks among so many others. It was at Highlander Folk School that the song “We Shall Overcome” became the anthem of the Civil Rights movement, with Highlander supporter, Pete Seeger, publishing it in 1948.

I teach adults and therefore I try not to sugar-coat history. Because they are brand-new adults, however, I know that sometimes it’s more than they feel ready for.  There have been tears in my class in the past three weeks. There have been sharp intakes of breath. The students have seen things for the very first time and been hurt by the pain of the past. And while I know that connecting to their past is my goal, I also feel the solemness of this role. I know that I have been the conduit – I have brought those memories into their space. I have forced the past to take a place in their present. And right now, that feels like a very heavy burden. In the exact same moment that I understand and accept that that is my role.

I probably should have thought about these things long ago. Preferably before selecting History as my major at university. I abashedly admit that I haven’t. The truth is I chose history because it fascinates me, because I’ve always wanted to understand the past, because as a child I used to force my friends to go with me to the Glanmore House, our local museum, in exchange for a piece of fudge. I’ve rarely paused long enough to measure the weight of the moral, societal, humanitarian duty I carry as an historian.

I’m not naive enough to believe that we learn the lessons history has to teach us nor am I yet cynical enough to believe we never will. And so I keep remembering.

Je me souviens.



chrysalisIn the not-so-distant past there was the Year of Everything Will Change.  Then the Year of Hard Decisions. That was followed by the Year of Digging Deep.  And then just last year was the Year of Being Still.  I’m not sure where the labels come from or how they settle on me but sometime in mid-January I realize that they have already taken up residence in my psyche.  Sometime after the hubbub of Christmas and my birthday is over, when I’m finding room to breathe, I feel the challenge there in front of me.  And I’m comforted by the realization that something deep inside me already knows what I need to keep growing.

What will this be the year of?

For Virginia on the Eve of Marriage

My mom told me I’d never understand the love a parent has for a child until I had become a parent.  She was right.  She also told me that I’d never understand how crazy it was for an older child to think a new baby would steal away a mother’s love.  She was right then, too.  Because love isn’t finite.  There’s no limit to how much love a person can experience.  Either in receipt or in offering.  There are barriers and pitfalls and all kinds of roaring tigers that play into love to be sure.  It isn’t always easy to love.

At times in my life I’ve felt like a fraud when it comes to love.  Not that the people who loved me did it falsely.  On the contrary.  They loved truly.  But the person I gave them to love didn’t always feel like me.  I’ve been a shape-shifter.  I shifted into the person I thought would be most worthy, most desirable to love.  And I continued to shift, from person to person, from time to time, from place to place.  As the shifting played out, I realize now that there were moments of alignment.  Moments when the person I thought I should be lined up perfectly with the person I really was. That’s the way it was with Greg.  He didn’t need anyone in particular to love.  He didn’t expect or want me to be anyone.  And so who he got was me.  More me than I even realized at the time.

He’s not the only one.  I remember the first time I vaguely realized that an alignment was happening.  That it was me a person wanted to love.  Her name was Virginia and she became my best friend in high school.  We had crazy fun.  And such honest “us” moments.  Moments when I was me and she was her.  And we could be real.  She was my first deep-heart friend.  It was a moment frozen in time and it was precious.  And then time moved on.  I moved West, she moved even further West.   And the “us” of deep friendship took a turn so that now we live very different lives.  But the love that was born in those high school days stays with me.  I cherish her.  I cherish the way she was her and I was me.  She has an archive in my heart that neither time nor distance nor full personality change will remove.  Her love is on record and I will protect that record fiercely.

Virginia wasn’t my only deep-heart friend.  She may have been the first but since then I’ve shared that kind of friendship with a few other kindred souls.   They didn’t remove, obscure, vandalize, erase, or alter Virginia’s love.  There was no replacement or competition of love.  Her love remains unique and I still hold her place in my heart so dearly.  Each love has its own story, and yet each love is threaded through all loves including that one. And in this world, where we hurt and break each other, we can’t afford to dismember any love, past or present.

Thank you Virginia for introducing me to deep-heart, real-ass friendship!  I wish you a lifetime of alignment as you take this next step with Andrew.